Week 10 CS2 Part 2

Most women, at some point in their life, will get a vaginal infection. Vaginal infection can be characterized by complaints of vaginal discharge. Three common causes of vaginal discharge are bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and vulvovaginal candidiasis. Review the following case and answer the questions.

Case

A 40-year-old woman comes in complaining of an increased thin whitish vaginal discharge that started about 5 days ago. She said it is so much that she needs to wear a small sanitary pad. She also noted that she had a funny odor after having sexual intercourse, and she says the odor continues despite her attempts to control it with douching. Physical examination reveals a thin white discharge around the vaginal wall with no erythema. Examination of the discharge includes a positive KOH whiff test and a vaginal pH > 4.5. Vaginal microscopy reveals clue cells.

Answer the following questions or provide responses based on this case.

1. What is a likely cause of the vaginal discharge?

Trichomoniasis
Bacterial vaginosis
Vulvovaginal candidiasis
2. Which of the clinical manifestations confirms the diagnosis?

The thin white discharge
Malodorous discharge
Presence of clue cells on a saline wet mount slide
3. The cause of this vaginal discharge disorder is due to:

An alteration in the vaginal flora
Overgrowth of yeast due to antibiotic use
A sexually transmitted organism, T. pallidum
4. This item is optional. Which is the primary treatment for this vaginal discharge disorder?

Fluconazole
Metronidazole
Clindamycin
5. Describe the mode of transmission, common organism, clinical manifestations, and treatment of the other two diagnoses not chosen in question 1.