module 8

Questions –
Each student will contribute questions, issues, or comments pertaining to the readings each week. These questions will be used to aid in your engagement with your fellow students and instructor during the weekly synchronous sessions. You are required to submit one question, issue, or comment derived from the readings to the appropriate dropbox

Reaction Notes –
Your reaction notes should be 2 pages and will be submitted to the corresponding dropbox in Canvas. All submissions must be received before we discuss the readings in the synchronous session.
The reaction notes must be in paragraph form and complete sentences with proper capitalization and punctuation. The reaction notes are not a summary of the readings, but novel thoughts and questions on the readings. You need to include some aspect of each of the week’s readings in each reaction note. You must complete both the questions and reaction note to get credit for this assignment.
Some of the questions you should be asking yourself as you read the articles throughout the course:
• Did the authors find a relationship, show a trend, or demonstrate a new method?
• Did they synthesize literature around a topic in a review?
• Did they put forward a new conceptual framework?
• Did they make any unsubstantial claims or conclusions?
• Were the methods appropriate, or did they use flawed assumptions about data or approaches?
• Did the authors convince you of their interpretation of the results? Or do you disagree with their interpretation?
• Were the figures and tables easily understandable, or were they confusing or inappropriate for what they were trying to visualize?
• Do you agree with their implications, applications, and/or conclusions?
• What would you have done differently, if you were conducting the experiment?
• How do the week’s readings relate to each other? Do they differ on terminology, methodological approaches, or conclusions? Do they offer complimentary knowledge?
• Can you apply this to your prior education or career experiences (and vice versa)?
• Who are the authors, and what are their backgrounds? Are they well known in the field, do they work at an established and well-regarded institution (e.g., university), do they have many related publications?

Climate Change
Climate Change
Your last chapter out of Keller and DeVecchio provides a concise summary of global climate change, the scientific evidence and consensus surrounding climate change, and the many climate impacts that emergency managers, community planners, and decision makers must tackle in order to mitigation and adapt future losses.

Chapter 12, Keller, E. A., & DeVecchio, D. E. (2014). Natural hazards: Earth’s processes as hazards, disasters, and catastrophes, (4th ed.). Routledge.
Academic Articles:

Runhaar, H., Wilk, B., Persson, Å, Uittenbroek, C., & Wamsler, C. (2017). Mainstreaming climate adaptation: Taking stock about “what works” from empirical research worldwide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Regional Environmental Change. doi:10.1007/s10113-017-1259-5
Berke, P., & Lyles, W. (2013). Public Risks and the Challenges to Climate-Change Adaptation: A Proposed Framework for Planning in the Age of Uncertainty (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Cityscape, 15(1), 181-208.
Anderson, S. E., Bart, RR., Kennedy, M.C., MacDonald, A.J., Moritz, M.A., Plantinga, A.J., Tague, C.L., & Wibbenmeyer, M. (2018). The dangers of disaster-driven responses to climate change (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Nature Climate Change,
Labadie, J.R. (2011). Emergency Managers Confront Climate Change (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Sustainability 2011, 3(8), 1250-1264; doi:10.3390/su3081250
Füssel, H. (2007). Vulnerability: A generally applicable conceptual framework for climate change research. Global Environmental Change, 17(2), 155-167. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.05.002Links to an external site.
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