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Final Project: Professional Development Plan: PowerPoint Presentation

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In your Final Project, you will reflect on what you and your colleagues accomplished over this term and how it has prepared you for academic success and meeting the professional and academic goals you had in mind when you enrolled at Walden. As a member of the Walden community, you are motivated to effect positive social change and participate actively in this group of scholars.

After watching the Eric Hickey: Shining Light on Darker Paths video, located in this week’s Learning Resources, how might you use what you learned from Dr. Hickey to become a catalyst for positive social change in your community? 

Social change can, indeed, be far reaching, affecting the lives of individuals across many countries and regions of the world. However, social change can also be relatively small and focused, improving the lives of single individuals, your colleagues, a family, a community. Those lives, in turn, will impact others. It is not the size of the change but the intent, focus, purpose, and spirit of advocacy and benevolence that creates ripples of hope for you and others

You have already identified many resources in your network—in this class and outside the university—and within the wider Walden community. Support is best used when you know what you need; it is hard to get support in building a ladder if you do not know what a ladder looks like.

If you have an idea of what a ladder looks like, you can ask for rungs and nails and a hammer. Think of the resources offered by Walden as the rungs and nails for your ladder, but you are the one who must design the ladder. A Professional Development Plan allows you to design your ladder and identify which supports you need to build it.

Remember that you must help your colleagues along the way with their ladders too. Think of what you need to give, as well as what you will need to receive, in terms of support and help.

A Professional Development Plan explains how you, individually, came to the decision to begin your graduate studies, what you envision for yourself and others when you complete the degree, and what objectives or steps you need to define in order to realize your dream and become your previously envisioned “future self.” You will refer to your Professional Development Plan when you want to check your progress or re-evaluate your goals. It should be motivating and related to the mission of Walden, your mission, and the community of your colleagues. Remember, we are all in this together.

PowerPoint presentations will be used in many of your courses at Walden. This Assignment will also provide an opportunity for you to become familiar with, or become a more advanced user of, PowerPoint as a communication tool, which will include the use of narration.

Note: You are strongly encouraged to submit this Assignment as a narrated PowerPoint presentation; however, if you are having difficulty with the software, you may submit it as a Word document with sufficient notes to explain each “slide.” Please contact your Instructor if you need any support with this Assignment.

To Prepare

· Review the Learning Resources for this week and specifically focus on how to create a narrated PowerPoint for your Final Project presentation.

· Use the PowerPoint Template, located in this week’s Learning Resources, as a guide in completing this Final Project.

Final Project Assignment (11–15 narrated slides)

For this Final Project Assignment, you will create a 11- to 15-slide narrated PowerPoint presentation related to your Professional Development Plan.

Your PowerPoint presentation must include

the following:

· Cover Slide (1 slide)

·  Include a cover slide with the following information: 

· Project title

· Date

· University  

· Course number  

· Your name 

· Part I: Personal and Professional Goals (3–4 slides)

· Include a brief personal introduction, where you:

· State your personal and professional goals.

· Articulate how these goals intersect with your academic interests and selected field of study.

· Review the mission of the university, and reflect on how this mission statement connects to your personal vision for future practice:

· Walden University provides a diverse community of career professionals with the opportunity to transform themselves as scholar-practitioners so that they may transform society.

· Explain how specialized learning and the attainment of a doctoral degree will help you meet your career and personal life goals.

· Part II: Educational Background and Research Proficiency (3–4 slides)

· Reflect on the formal and informal learning experiences that compose your educational background, and then explain how these experiences support the direction of study you established in Part I.
Note: You are encouraged to include specifics about your individual knowledge, skills, and accomplishments.

· Explain the academic and research proficiencies you bring to the program, and then identify any areas you want to consider for improvement.

· Explain your current readiness to engage in academic research.
Note: Honest disclosure will help you gain clarity about any knowledge and/or skills on which you may need to improve in order to succeed in your program.

· Categories for you to consider when writing this section include the following:

· Academic coursework in the social and behavioral sciences

· Academic coursework in other fields

· Professional presentations, seminars, and workshops

· Volunteer activities

· Prior experience designing and executing research

· Publications and other writing experiences

· Teaching assignments

· Professional training

· Academic strengths and weaknesses

· Research strengths and weaknesses

· Availability of library, reference, and information technology resources

· You should be clear about your plans for preparing for doctoral study, particularly if gaps exist in your background.

· Part III: Plan of Study and Program Progress Guide (PPG) Form (3–4 slides)

· Create a timeline for completing the requirements in your PPG for this Part III.
Note: Refer to your Program

·

·

· Progress Guide (PPG), which is available in your student portal.

· In your timeline:

· Group your degree requirements into stages of progress.
Note: It is suggested that you target a completion date and work backwards from this date.

· Identify specific milestones of academic progress and time frames for completion.

· Account for review, revision, and approval of academic work throughout your timeline.
Note: Be familiar with the approval processes of your academic work.

· Part IV: Ethics and Positive Social Change (2–3 slides)

· Explain how the APA ethical principles relate to positive social change.

· Explain how ethics and positive social change align with your professional and academic goals.

Even though you are providing narration for your PowerPoint presentation, please also write detailed speaker notes for each slide to complement the slide content. Speaker notes should be clear, in-depth, and function as augmentation to the slide material.

Note: These notes should be written with sufficient depth to allow someone else to deliver the presentation. Make sure the PowerPoint presentation reflects graduate-level writing and presentation standards, with professional looking graphics and appropriate fonts, formatting, and spacing.

Your presentation should be explicit in its detail about what you plan to do at Walden to meet your personal and professional goals.

By Day 7

Submit your Final Project.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

· Please save your Assignment using the naming convention WK6Proj+last name+first initial as the name.

· Click the Week 6 Project Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.

· Click the Week 6 Project link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.

· Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find your saved document and click Open.

· If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.

Psychology

Microsoft Office. (n.d.). Office support: Record a slide show with narration and slide timings [Multimedia]. https://support.office.com/en-us/article/record-a-slide-show-with-narration-and-slide-timings-0b9502c6-5f6c-40ae-b1e7-e47d8741161c  

Note: You will be required to include narration in your PowerPoint presentation for your Final Project presentation. The time estimate for this resource is approximately 20 minutes.

Walden University Academic Skills Center. (2018, June 21). PowerPoint quick tip: Adding narration [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8a-U1W-KVg&list=PLNgQgQNniJ25vrgZ4g1aYE6geg33mDgBJ&index=14&t=0s

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 5 minutes.

Also Note: You will be required to include narration in your PowerPoint presentation for your Final Project presentation.

Walden University Writing Center. (n.d.). PowerPoint template [PowerPoint slides]. https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293636

Note: You will need to use this template in completing your Final Project this week.

Walden University, LLC. (n.d.-c). Eric Hickey: Shining light on darker paths [Video]. Walden University Webinars. https://gateway.on24.com/wcc/eh/2187236/lp/3483035/eric-hickey-shining-light-on-darker-paths

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 61 minutes.

Also note: As you access this webpage, you will be asked to register to view the video. Please feel free to register if you choose.

Document: Eric Hickey: Shining Light on Darker Paths Transcript (PDF)

Walden University, LLC. (2021). Social change mission. [Interactive media]. Walden University Blackboard. https://class.waldenu.edu

Walden University Center for Social Change. (n.d.). Scholars of change [Videos]. https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/social-change/scholars-of-change

Note: The approximate length of these media pieces is 15 minutes combined.

Psychology

Microsoft Office. (n.d.). Office support: Record a slide show with narration and slide timings [Multimedia]. https://support.office.com/en-us/article/record-a-slide-show-with-narration-and-slide-timings-0b9502c6-5f6c-40ae-b1e7-e47d8741161c  

Note: You will be required to include narration in your PowerPoint presentation for your Final Project presentation. The time estimate for this resource is approximately 20 minutes.

Walden University Academic Skills Center. (2018, June 21). PowerPoint quick tip: Adding narration [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8a-U1W-KVg&list=PLNgQgQNniJ25vrgZ4g1aYE6geg33mDgBJ&index=14&t=0s

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 5 minutes.

Also Note: You will be required to include narration in your PowerPoint presentation for your Final Project presentation.

Walden University Writing Center. (n.d.). PowerPoint template [PowerPoint slides]. https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293636

Note: You will need to use this template in completing your Final Project this week.

Walden University, LLC. (n.d.-c). Eric Hickey: Shining light on darker paths [Video]. Walden University Webinars. https://gateway.on24.com/wcc/eh/2187236/lp/3483035/eric-hickey-shining-light-on-darker-paths

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 61 minutes.

Also note: As you access this webpage, you will be asked to register to view the video. Please feel free to register if you choose.

Document: Eric Hickey: Shining Light on Darker Paths Transcript (PDF)

Walden University, LLC. (2021). Social change mission. [Interactive media]. Walden University Blackboard. https://class.waldenu.edu

Walden University Center for Social Change. (n.d.). Scholars of change [Videos]. https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/social-change/scholars-of-change

Note: The approximate length of these media pieces is 15 minutes combined.

Psychology

American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct: Including 2010 and 2016 amendments. https://www.apa.org/ethics/code  https://www.apa.org/ethics/code

Note: This website reviews the APA’s ethical guidelines. Read “Introduction and Applicability,” “Preamble,” “General Principles,” and “Section 8” only.

Also Note: This resource was also provided in Week 1.

Behnke, S. (2009, June). Disability as an ethical issue. Monitor on Psychology, 40(6), 62. https://www.apa.org/monitor/2009/06/ethics

Note: This article discusses how the stigma of a disability should be examined in terms of ethical guidelines.

Walden University. (2020). Code of conduct. In 2021–2022 Walden University student handbook. https://catalog.waldenu.edu/content.php?catoid=182&navoid=66741

Note: The Walden Code of Conduct addresses the university’s expectations for students in the areas of nondiscrimination, non-harassment, professional conduct, and academic integrity.

Walden University. (n.d.-c). Walden degree works: Program progress guide. https://studentsuccess.waldenu.edu/degreeworks-faq.html

Note: This resource provides you with an overview of the Program Progress Guide and how it guides you through your academic progress in your program of study. However, you will find your personal Program Progress Guide within your personal student portal. Please refer to this tool as you finalize your Final Project for this week.

Microsoft Office. (n.d.). Office support: Office for Mac quick starts. https://support.office.com/en-us/article/office-for-mac-quick-starts-5bccb480-0e5b-4b51-b072-66d3793ccad8 

Note: If you are a Mac user and have never experienced PowerPoint before, this source will guide you through the basics of how to use PowerPoint. The time estimate for this resource is approximately 20 minutes.

Microsoft Office. (n.d.). Office support: PowerPoint for Windows training. https://support.office.com/en-us/article/powerpoint-for-windows-training-40e8c930-cb0b-40d8-82c4-bd53d3398787

Note: If you are a PC user and have never experienced PowerPoint before, this source will guide you through the basics of how to use PowerPoint. The time estimate for this resource is approximately 20 minutes.

Psychology

American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct: Including 2010 and 2016 amendments. https://www.apa.org/ethics/code  https://www.apa.org/ethics/code

Note: This website reviews the APA’s ethical guidelines. Read “Introduction and Applicability,” “Preamble,” “General Principles,” and “Section 8” only.

Also Note: This resource was also provided in Week 1.

Behnke, S. (2009, June). Disability as an ethical issue. Monitor on Psychology, 40(6), 62. https://www.apa.org/monitor/2009/06/ethics

Note: This article discusses how the stigma of a disability should be examined in terms of ethical guidelines.

Walden University. (2020). Code of conduct. In 2021–2022 Walden University student handbook. https://catalog.waldenu.edu/content.php?catoid=182&navoid=66741

Note: The Walden Code of Conduct addresses the university’s expectations for students in the areas of nondiscrimination, non-harassment, professional conduct, and academic integrity.

Walden University. (n.d.-c). Walden degree works: Program progress guide. https://studentsuccess.waldenu.edu/degreeworks-faq.html

Note: This resource provides you with an overview of the Program Progress Guide and how it guides you through your academic progress in your program of study. However, you will find your personal Program Progress Guide within your personal student portal. Please refer to this tool as you finalize your Final Project for this week.

Microsoft Office. (n.d.). Office support: Office for Mac quick starts. https://support.office.com/en-us/article/office-for-mac-quick-starts-5bccb480-0e5b-4b51-b072-66d3793ccad8 

Note: If you are a Mac user and have never experienced PowerPoint before, this source will guide you through the basics of how to use PowerPoint. The time estimate for this resource is approximately 20 minutes.

Microsoft Office. (n.d.). Office support: PowerPoint for Windows training. https://support.office.com/en-us/article/powerpoint-for-windows-training-40e8c930-cb0b-40d8-82c4-bd53d3398787

Note: If you are a PC user and have never experienced PowerPoint before, this source will guide you through the basics of how to use PowerPoint. The time estimate for this resource is approximately 20 minutes.

psychology

Access and review the “Counselor Ethics and Responsibilities Assignment Guidelines.” Complete the paper according to the assignment guidelines. 

Include at least six scholarly resources in addition to the textbook in your paper.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

 

This assignment meets the following NASAC Standards:

15) Understand the variety of insurance and health maintenance options available, and appreciate the importance of helping clients access those benefits.

20) Understand the addiction professional’s obligation to adhere to generally accepted ethical and behavioral standards of conduct in the helping relationship.

47) Inform the client of his/her confidentiality rights, program procedures that safeguard them, and the exceptions imposed by statute.65) Apply confidentiality-related legal restrictions appropriately.

110) Protect client rights to privacy and confidentiality in the preparation and handling of records, especially in relation to the communication of client information with third parties.

112) Prepare and record treatment and continuing care plans that are consistent with agency standards and comply with applicable administrative rules.

116) Demonstrate ethical behaviors by adhering to established professional codes of ethics that define the professional context within which the counselor works, in order to maintain professional standards and safeguard the client.

118) Adhere to federal and state laws, and agency regulations, regarding addictions treatment.

120) Utilize a range of supervisory options to process personal feelings and concerns about clients.

121) Conduct culturally appropriate self-evaluations of professional performance, applying ethical, legal, and professional standards to enhance self-awareness and performance.

124) Develop and utilize strategies to maintain physical and mental health.

Attachments


PCN-505-RS-T4CounselorEthicsandResponsibilitiesAssignmentGuidelines.docx

psychology

sessment Description

Should a counselor remain value-objective about controversial issues presented by a client (such as abortion, suicide, adultery, drug use, domestic violence, child abuse)?

Consider the information above and Chapter 3 of the textbook. Use APA levels of headings and write a 1,000-1,250-word essay addressing the following:

1. Analyze the ethical implications of a counselor expressing their values to a client.

2. Identify actions a counselor might take when confronted with clients they find difficult to treat due to differences in values/beliefs regarding one or more of the following issues: abortion, suicide, adultery, drug use, domestic violence, child abuse

3. Name some of the legislation and/or government policies related to substance abuse counseling

4. Identify factors that might lead a counselor to ethically refer a client to another counselor once they have already been established as a client (not at intake).

5. Identify some unethical reasons to refer a client to another counselor once they have already been established as a client (not at intake).

6. Describe steps a counselor should take if referral is not an option because of insurance issues, geographical/travel issues, other agencies are full, because their values are different but it’s unethical to refer, etc.).

7. Be sure to use the AACC, NAADAC or applicable codes of ethics as guidelines when constructing your essay.

8. Include three additional scholarly resources in your essay in addition to the course textbook

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.


Benchmark Information

This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competency:

MS Addiction Counseling; MS Christian Counseling of Substance Abuse and Addictive Disorders

2.3: Analyze ethical issues in the practice of professional counseling. 

This assignment meets the following NASAC Standards:

20) Understand the addiction professional’s obligation to adhere to generally accepted ethical and behavioral standards of conduct in the helping relationship.

21) Understand the importance of ongoing supervision and continuing education in the delivery of client services.

35) Seek appropriate supervision and consultation.

66) Demonstrate respect and nonjudgmental attitudes toward the client in all contacts with other professionals or agencies.

116) Demonstrate ethical behaviors by adhering to established professional codes of ethics that define the professional context within which the counselor works, in order to maintain professional standards and safeguard the client.

120) Utilize a range of supervisory options to process personal feelings and concerns about clients.

121) Conduct culturally appropriate self-evaluations of professional performance, applying ethical, legal, and professional standards to enhance self-awareness and performance.

122) Obtain appropriate continuing professional education.

123) Assess and participate in regular supervision and consultation sessions.

124) Develop and utilize strategies to maintain physical and mental health.

Psychology

Psychology

This first week, we’re going to talk about the different psychological approaches and how scientific research is conducted in psychology/neuroscience. Psychological science seeks to understand behavior and psychologists have an arsenal of approaches through which to explain behavior: biological, clinical, social, evolutionary, psychoanalytic, cognitive, behavioral, sociocultural, etc. See the INFOGRAPHIC  (Links to an external site.)on the very first page of your textbook, “Psychology’s Roots” for a brief description of each approach. I have also included a copy of this below.

Once we understand how the different approaches work, we then have to learn how to study psychological questions. Like any other science, we use the Scientific Method (Links to an external site.). I have also included a graphical representation of this below. A bit of explanation of some key terms (read your textbook or search for the italicized terms online):

· First, we develop a hypothesis based on prior research. Another way to think of a hypothesis is to think of it as a prediction

· The hypothesis is phrased such that you are predicting that one variable (the dependent variable, DV) will be affected by another variable (independent variable, IV).

· I remember confusing the IV and DV when I first began learning about these variables. Think about it this way: your DV is what is being measureD; your IV is what is being manIpulated in or categorIzed. 

· An example of an experiment might be this: We hypothesize that reaction time will be affected by one’s gender and by the modality of the stimulus that the person is reacting to. The DV would be reaction time because we are measuring it. The 2 IVs would be gender and stimulus modality. Gender would be an example of a variable that we categorize people into (male, female, other). Stimulus modality would be an example of a variable that we manipulated because you were randomly assigned to the light or sound stimulus. 

· Whenever you have an experiment, you need to compare at least 2 conditions within the IV. Sometimes these are called the experimental and control conditions. In the example above, the gender IV has 3 conditions (or levels: males, female, other) and the stimulus modality IV has 2 conditions (or levels: visual and auditory).

· For both the DV and IV, it’s extremely important that each variable is well defined, or operationalized. If 2 experiments have different definitions of the same DV and they find different results, then you shouldn’t necessarily conclude that one experiment is “right” and one is “wrong”. For example, let’;s say you wanted to study why some people follow CDC guidelines while others don’t (the DV) based on their education level (the IV). You need to operationally define both the IV and DV. For the DV, does “following CDC guidelines” mean wearing masks out in public or following the 6 feet between people rule? For the IV, does “education level” mean finished high school versus not finished high school OR are you dividing people into the highest level of education obtained? One can argue about which definitions are better than others, but it’s still important to have them well defined.

· Another thing you have to take into account is sample size – how many people are you going to run through your study? When we do experiments, we want to make sure our results will generalize – meaning the results will apply to not only our sample (the people in our experiment), but to the population (the people you are trying to study). If your sample does not match the population you are trying to study, then the results can be called into question. We’re in an election year, so it’s important to consider election polls. Who is the country going to vote for President in November? That’s the million dollar question, right? Political consultants conduct polls to see if they can get an idea of where the country is heading. Imagine if the pollsters only asked Republicans who they were going to vote for in November. Odds are that the answer is President Trump. But they can’t generalize their polling data to the whole of the United States because their sample (i.e., Republicans) is not representative of the population (i.e. Republicans, Democrats, Independents, etc). THat’s why sometimes you see the breakdown of the different political parties and their responses – this is an attempt to capture the whole population, while also surveying components of it. 

· Finally, we never say we prove or disprove a hypothesis. Despite what the commercials say (“scientifically proven to reduce acne!”), we rarely prove anything in science. A list of common misconceptions in science can be found here (Links to an external site.). Whether we are talking about psychology, biology, chemistry, or any other scientific field, scientific experiments don’t prove or disprove a given hypothesis – they provide evidence in favor of or against a particular hypothesis.

So with this all in mind, let’s get to this week’s DB to discuss different psychological approaches and the scientific method.

Type your answers to the following: 

1. Think of a psychological question you might want to study. From the many different psychological perspectives, how might you phrase your question differently if you were approaching it from 2 different perspectives. Name your perspectives and question. 

2. Either use your question from #1 or think of another question to study. Tell us your hypothesis and identify your DV(s) and IV(s). Make sure you operationalize both your DV(s) and IV(s). Design a study to answer the question. What would the results look like if they supported (not prove!) your original hypothesis?

3. Tell us one thing you learned or were confused about in this week’s readings/DB post that you found interesting. Is there something that surprised you? Something that challenged your previous beliefs? Is there something that still confuses you?

psychology

Topic 4: Counselor Ethics and Responsibilities Assignment Guidelines

Directions: Follow the directions below to write a paper of 1,750-2,100 words on counselor ethics and responsibilities.

Provide a thoughtful response to each of the following sections, including specific, concrete examples to illustrate your ideas. Use the section headings provided below to separate each section of your paper.

Your final deliverable should be one cohesive paper addressing all six sections along with an introduction and conclusion.

Part One:

Please note that part one must be written in the third person.

Section 1: Client Rights

1) Describe how you will incorporate the following five principles of ethical practice in order to maintain your clients’ rights.

a) Autonomy

b) Nonmaleficence

c) Beneficence

d) Justice

e) Fidelity

2) Discuss the informed consent process and how it protects client rights including:

a) Billing

b) Right to Privacy

c) HIPAA compliance

d) Compliance with credentialing board requirements for incorporating informed consent into practice

Section 2: Responsibility to Warn and Protect

Identify the factors that you will consider in order to determine your “duty to warn” and “duty to protect” responsibilities as a counselor. Be sure to consider ethical guidelines as well as the laws pertaining to the “duty to warn” and “duty to protect” in the state in which you plan to practice.

Section 3: Client Record-Keeping

Discuss the role of client record keeping in protecting the following:

a) a client’s right to a professional standard of care

b) the counselor from liability

Part Two:

Please note this section can be written in the first person.

Section 4: Self-care

After reading the introduction of Section C “Professional Responsibility” in the ACA Code of Ethics discuss the following:

1. What does the ACA Code of Ethics say about self-care?

2. How do you plan on maintaining a healthy balance between your professional and personal life?

3. What healthy self-care activities have you engaged in in the past or present?

4. What healthy self-care activities have you considered but haven’t yet implemented?

5. What are some red-flags suggesting that you may need to address personal issues to avoid personal impairment?

6. How do you feel about counselors being counseled? Some programs require it. Do you agree with that concept?

Section 5: Advocacy

Go to the American Counseling Association (Government Affairs > Take Action) (https://www.counseling.org/government-affairs/actioncenter) to find a way to advocate for the counselors and the counseling profession at the governmental level. Summarize how you can get involved (approx. 100 words).

Section 6: Counselor Values

1) Select two of the following issues you feel strongest about from the following:

a)
Abortion.
(A 19-year-old rape victim wants an abortion, but her parents are vehemently opposed to abortion on religious grounds and have stated that they will no longer consider her their daughter if she proceeds. The young woman is firm in her plans, but wants your help in changing her parents’ attitudes.)

b)
Gay adoption.
(John and Bill, after living in a committed relationship for 7 years, decide that they want to begin a family. They have differing opinions about whether to use a surrogate mother or adopt a child.)

c)
Assisted suicide.
(Eleanor, an 87-year-old with terminal cancer, has decided to end her life but is undecided about how to discuss this with her family, or if she should discuss it with them at all. She seeks your guidance in this decision, but is not interested in revisiting her decision to end her life.)

d)
Extramarital affairs.
(Both spouses in a couple you are counseling are having affairs, which they claim are not contributing in any way to their current marital difficulties. They want your help in strengthening their marriage but they are both committed to the “open marriage” concept that does not require sexual monogamy.)

2) Describe your personal values and attitudes towards the selected issues as well as how you would counsel the client in each situation you selected. HINT: Make sure you reference ethical codes from ACA, NBCC, or NAADAC.

© 2016. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

© 2016. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

Psychology

Psychology

This first week, we’re going to talk about the different psychological approaches and how scientific research is conducted in psychology/neuroscience. Psychological science seeks to understand behavior and psychologists have an arsenal of approaches through which to explain behavior: biological, clinical, social, evolutionary, psychoanalytic, cognitive, behavioral, sociocultural, etc. See the INFOGRAPHIC  (Links to an external site.)on the very first page of your textbook, “Psychology’s Roots” for a brief description of each approach. I have also included a copy of this below.

Once we understand how the different approaches work, we then have to learn how to study psychological questions. Like any other science, we use the Scientific Method (Links to an external site.). I have also included a graphical representation of this below. A bit of explanation of some key terms (read your textbook or search for the italicized terms online):

· First, we develop a hypothesis based on prior research. Another way to think of a hypothesis is to think of it as a prediction

· The hypothesis is phrased such that you are predicting that one variable (the dependent variable, DV) will be affected by another variable (independent variable, IV).

· I remember confusing the IV and DV when I first began learning about these variables. Think about it this way: your DV is what is being measureD; your IV is what is being manIpulated in or categorIzed. 

· An example of an experiment might be this: We hypothesize that reaction time will be affected by one’s gender and by the modality of the stimulus that the person is reacting to. The DV would be reaction time because we are measuring it. The 2 IVs would be gender and stimulus modality. Gender would be an example of a variable that we categorize people into (male, female, other). Stimulus modality would be an example of a variable that we manipulated because you were randomly assigned to the light or sound stimulus. 

· Whenever you have an experiment, you need to compare at least 2 conditions within the IV. Sometimes these are called the experimental and control conditions. In the example above, the gender IV has 3 conditions (or levels: males, female, other) and the stimulus modality IV has 2 conditions (or levels: visual and auditory).

· For both the DV and IV, it’s extremely important that each variable is well defined, or operationalized. If 2 experiments have different definitions of the same DV and they find different results, then you shouldn’t necessarily conclude that one experiment is “right” and one is “wrong”. For example, let’;s say you wanted to study why some people follow CDC guidelines while others don’t (the DV) based on their education level (the IV). You need to operationally define both the IV and DV. For the DV, does “following CDC guidelines” mean wearing masks out in public or following the 6 feet between people rule? For the IV, does “education level” mean finished high school versus not finished high school OR are you dividing people into the highest level of education obtained? One can argue about which definitions are better than others, but it’s still important to have them well defined.

· Another thing you have to take into account is sample size – how many people are you going to run through your study? When we do experiments, we want to make sure our results will generalize – meaning the results will apply to not only our sample (the people in our experiment), but to the population (the people you are trying to study). If your sample does not match the population you are trying to study, then the results can be called into question. We’re in an election year, so it’s important to consider election polls. Who is the country going to vote for President in November? That’s the million dollar question, right? Political consultants conduct polls to see if they can get an idea of where the country is heading. Imagine if the pollsters only asked Republicans who they were going to vote for in November. Odds are that the answer is President Trump. But they can’t generalize their polling data to the whole of the United States because their sample (i.e., Republicans) is not representative of the population (i.e. Republicans, Democrats, Independents, etc). THat’s why sometimes you see the breakdown of the different political parties and their responses – this is an attempt to capture the whole population, while also surveying components of it. 

· Finally, we never say we prove or disprove a hypothesis. Despite what the commercials say (“scientifically proven to reduce acne!”), we rarely prove anything in science. A list of common misconceptions in science can be found here (Links to an external site.). Whether we are talking about psychology, biology, chemistry, or any other scientific field, scientific experiments don’t prove or disprove a given hypothesis – they provide evidence in favor of or against a particular hypothesis.

So with this all in mind, let’s get to this week’s DB to discuss different psychological approaches and the scientific method.

Type your answers to the following: 

1. Think of a psychological question you might want to study. From the many different psychological perspectives, how might you phrase your question differently if you were approaching it from 2 different perspectives. Name your perspectives and question. 

2. Either use your question from #1 or think of another question to study. Tell us your hypothesis and identify your DV(s) and IV(s). Make sure you operationalize both your DV(s) and IV(s). Design a study to answer the question. What would the results look like if they supported (not prove!) your original hypothesis?

3. Tell us one thing you learned or were confused about in this week’s readings/DB post that you found interesting. Is there something that surprised you? Something that challenged your previous beliefs? Is there something that still confuses you?

psychology

Topic 4: Counselor Ethics and Responsibilities Assignment Guidelines

Directions: Follow the directions below to write a paper of 1,750-2,100 words on counselor ethics and responsibilities.

Provide a thoughtful response to each of the following sections, including specific, concrete examples to illustrate your ideas. Use the section headings provided below to separate each section of your paper.

Your final deliverable should be one cohesive paper addressing all six sections along with an introduction and conclusion.

Part One:

Please note that part one must be written in the third person.

Section 1: Client Rights

1) Describe how you will incorporate the following five principles of ethical practice in order to maintain your clients’ rights.

a) Autonomy

b) Nonmaleficence

c) Beneficence

d) Justice

e) Fidelity

2) Discuss the informed consent process and how it protects client rights including:

a) Billing

b) Right to Privacy

c) HIPAA compliance

d) Compliance with credentialing board requirements for incorporating informed consent into practice

Section 2: Responsibility to Warn and Protect

Identify the factors that you will consider in order to determine your “duty to warn” and “duty to protect” responsibilities as a counselor. Be sure to consider ethical guidelines as well as the laws pertaining to the “duty to warn” and “duty to protect” in the state in which you plan to practice.

Section 3: Client Record-Keeping

Discuss the role of client record keeping in protecting the following:

a) a client’s right to a professional standard of care

b) the counselor from liability

Part Two:

Please note this section can be written in the first person.

Section 4: Self-care

After reading the introduction of Section C “Professional Responsibility” in the ACA Code of Ethics discuss the following:

1. What does the ACA Code of Ethics say about self-care?

2. How do you plan on maintaining a healthy balance between your professional and personal life?

3. What healthy self-care activities have you engaged in in the past or present?

4. What healthy self-care activities have you considered but haven’t yet implemented?

5. What are some red-flags suggesting that you may need to address personal issues to avoid personal impairment?

6. How do you feel about counselors being counseled? Some programs require it. Do you agree with that concept?

Section 5: Advocacy

Go to the American Counseling Association (Government Affairs > Take Action) (https://www.counseling.org/government-affairs/actioncenter) to find a way to advocate for the counselors and the counseling profession at the governmental level. Summarize how you can get involved (approx. 100 words).

Section 6: Counselor Values

1) Select two of the following issues you feel strongest about from the following:

a)
Abortion.
(A 19-year-old rape victim wants an abortion, but her parents are vehemently opposed to abortion on religious grounds and have stated that they will no longer consider her their daughter if she proceeds. The young woman is firm in her plans, but wants your help in changing her parents’ attitudes.)

b)
Gay adoption.
(John and Bill, after living in a committed relationship for 7 years, decide that they want to begin a family. They have differing opinions about whether to use a surrogate mother or adopt a child.)

c)
Assisted suicide.
(Eleanor, an 87-year-old with terminal cancer, has decided to end her life but is undecided about how to discuss this with her family, or if she should discuss it with them at all. She seeks your guidance in this decision, but is not interested in revisiting her decision to end her life.)

d)
Extramarital affairs.
(Both spouses in a couple you are counseling are having affairs, which they claim are not contributing in any way to their current marital difficulties. They want your help in strengthening their marriage but they are both committed to the “open marriage” concept that does not require sexual monogamy.)

2) Describe your personal values and attitudes towards the selected issues as well as how you would counsel the client in each situation you selected. HINT: Make sure you reference ethical codes from ACA, NBCC, or NAADAC.

© 2016. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

© 2016. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.