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outline

Student Leaning Objective:
● Students will begin the construction of their Advocacy Speech.
● Students will receive feedback from their classmates concerning their

speech outline.

Resources:
● Students will incorporate the feedback received for Q#3: Advocacy

Speech Topic Selection as they create their speech.
● Below is the Speech Template from Advocacy Speech: Using Monroe’s

Motivated Sequence .

Instructions:
● Complete the speech outline for your Advocacy Speech using the

outline provided below.
● Upload your current working outline of the Advocacy Speech before

class time Thursday, May 10th, so other students may provide
feedback during class time.

Speech Outline:

● Focus on the individual sections of the speech; introduction, main points,
and conclusion.

● Parts of the Speech and Parts of MMS
● Keep this in mind:

○ The introduction and conclusion are nearly complete.
■ The narrative you provided in Q#3, is your attention

getter.
■ The thesis is literally,

■ “You should support <name of
organization> and their efforts to <action>
<issue>.”

■ And the preview is literally,
■ “So today we will discuss,

■ MP1 <the issue>,
■ MP2 how <organization> hopes

to help, and finally
■ MP3 why their work matters.”

1. Introduction

1. Attention Getter: The attention getter is where ATTENTION will
occur. This is where you will introduce the narrative selected
during Q#3, question #3.

1. Stop the narrative directly after the climax but before
the resolution.

2. Thesis: The thesis will follow the Actor, Action, Issue format just
like the debate proposition. (Who will do What, and for Whom or
Why.)

3. Preview: Present a preview of the main points.
1. MP1: NEED – you won’t say the word “need” but you

will give a two or three word phrase that captures the
essence of the NEED.

2. MP2: SATISFACTION – you won’t say the word but
you will give a two or three word phrase that captures
the essence of the SATISFACTION.

3. MP3: VISUALIZATION: again, you won’t say the word
but you will give a two or three word phrase that
captures the essence of the VISUALIZATION.

2. MP1: NEED by the end of this main point, the audience should understand
the social issue, the organizations history as relevant to the issue, but stop
before discussing their work.

1. Transition between MP1 and MP2
3. MP2: SATISFACTION: This where you will share what the organization

does and what you are doing to help the organization.
1. Transition between MP2 and MP3

4. MP3: VISUALIZATION: Similar to the stock issues of Harms and
Advantages used during the Parliamentary Debate, you will share what
will occur without the work of the organization (harms) and/or what will
occur because of the organization’s efforts (advantages). This could be an
excellent place to share the end of the narrative began as part of the
attention getter.

5. Conclusion:
1. Review the MPs.
2. Restate the thesis.
3. Return to Attention and Call to ACTION: Remind the audience

of the attention getter and call them to ACTION.
● You should have as much as possible completed before class time on

Thursday, in order to receive the best feedback during the engagement.

outline

Brynlee Condie
E #8- OUTLINE

Introduction:
Ebony, a African American woman, went on vacation at 26 weeks pregnant, and for those

of you who don’t know, that is about halfway through a full term pregnancy. She went to the
doctor just before leaving, and was given the all clear, despite experiencing swollen feet, and not
getting a blood test like normal. While on vacation, she became very sick, so she came home
early and went to the hospital immediately. Hospital staff initially brushed off her complaints and
told her she was having normal pregnancy symptoms. After taking more vitals, they found out
she was having preeclampsia, which is high blood pressure, and HELLP syndrome, which is a
serious complication of high blood pressure that causes a breakdown of red blood cells, elevated
liver enzymes, and a low platelet count. Ebony went into liver failure, and her daughter Reign
was delivered at 26 weeks, weighing only 1 pound and 15 ounces. Ebony’s story is not an
uncommon one. Pregnant, and especially minority women are often not believed when it comes
to getting medical care. The CDC says that “Black women are three times more likely to die
from pregnancy-related cause than White women”.
[can make the story longer, give more detail to why it is important for women to be believed my
medical professionals, risk for child, etc]

You should support the March of Dimes and their effort to “end preventable maternal
health risks and death, end preventable preterm birth and infant death, and end the health equity
gap for all”. Today we will discuss why there is a need to help support moms and babies through
pregnancy and delivery, how March of Dimes works to prevent maternal and child health risks
and death, and why their work matters.

MP1:
March of Dimes was created as the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP),

and was founded by Franklin D. Roosevelt. Its main focus was on curing and treating polio in the
US. NFIP established scientific committees that funded research on polio throughout the war and
into the 1950s. It was volunteer-run and had the slogan “Join the March of Dimes”. After the
polio vaccine was created, NFIP worked to test and distribute the polio vaccine.

The foundation then shifted its focus onto the prevention of birth defects. The March of
Dimes funded genetic research and established treatments across the US. Another shift in focus
was towards a healthy pregnancy for both mother and child. March of Dimes focused on the
medical and social effects on the health of mothers. Today, a lot of the focus from March of
Dimes is on making sure all mothers of all backgrounds get appropriate treatment.
[Add more about what March of Dimes is doing TODAY, in terms of all mother’ find new word
for ‘focus’]

MP2:
Today, March of Dimes is doing a #blanketchange campaign that invites participants to

ask state lawmakers for postpartum extension from 60 days to 12 months for Medicaid, new and
improved newborn screening regulations that are uniform with federal law, and access and
coverage of midwifery care and doula services.

March of Dimes’ services include prenatal education and support, NICU resources for
staff and families, education and training for healthcare professionals, funding research, and
working towards advancing equitable health outcomes for mothers and their children.

Here in California, they hosted an in person and virtual March for Change on April 27th.
[Add more about what normal people can do- donate, volunteer, spread the word, etc. what
specific things they have had an impact on-laws, research/breakthroughs]

MP3:
Without the work of March of Dimes, there may not be a cure for polio (or have it as

soon, saved lives of people affected by polio), less known about birth defects, less funding for
treatments for pregnant people, and less advocacy for those that can’t advocate for themselves.
Like Ebony, other mothers, especially women of color, need equity in healthcare. Every child
deserves to be born healthy and every mother deserves a healthcare system that takes them
seriously. March of Dimes seeks to educate, fund, and research for the cause of helping give
every mother and child a fair chance at a healthy life. Advocacy, education, and research of
March of Dimes are aimed at leveling the playing field for mothers and babies.

In 2020 alone, March of Dimes has provided over 5,000 meals and masks, over 2,000
NICU bags with supplies, and has hosted 19 webinars that reach 1.4 million people. They have
also supported more than 50k NICU families, provided mobile health units that provided 2,000
patient visits, and so much more through resources and education provided in person, and online.
March of Dimes continues its research into preterm births and maternal health issues, continues
its professional training in the effect of systemic racism and bias. March of Dimes also advocates
for all mothers. They monitor state legislation, advocate through social media, and invite others
to take action and donate.
[have a transition/impactful thing about how much they do for women/people that get pregnant]

Conclusion:
[why March of Dimes is essential to the end of the systemic racial,socioeconomic issues

in the healthcare system, to ending preterm/low birth weight babies, to giving a voice to those
that can’t speak up, to educating healthcare providers, to impacting legislation to improve mother
and baby outcomes]

You should support March of Dimes by donating, volunteering, advocating, or even just
through educating yourself about the challenges mothers and their babies face throughout and
after pregnancy. We should not let the next generation of mothers have to deal with navigating
the healthcare system and having to advocate for appropriate treatment. Mothers should not have

to go through extra hoops to make sure their baby is born safely, that should be the basic
outcome of a pregnancy. Our healthcare system is not perfect, but through the March of Dimes,
we can try our best to correct preventable mistakes from having a negative impact on mothers
and their babies.

[add more stats probably, better ending/call to action/why it is important to support]

outline

Student Leaning Objective:
● Students will begin the construction of their Advocacy Speech.
● Students will receive feedback from their classmates concerning their

speech outline.

Resources:
● Students will incorporate the feedback received for Q#3: Advocacy

Speech Topic Selection as they create their speech.
● Below is the Speech Template from Advocacy Speech: Using Monroe’s

Motivated Sequence .

Instructions:
● Complete the speech outline for your Advocacy Speech using the

outline provided below.
● Upload your current working outline of the Advocacy Speech before

class time Thursday, May 10th, so other students may provide
feedback during class time.

Speech Outline:

● Focus on the individual sections of the speech; introduction, main points,
and conclusion.

● Parts of the Speech and Parts of MMS
● Keep this in mind:

○ The introduction and conclusion are nearly complete.
■ The narrative you provided in Q#3, is your attention

getter.
■ The thesis is literally,

■ “You should support <name of
organization> and their efforts to <action>
<issue>.”

■ And the preview is literally,
■ “So today we will discuss,

■ MP1 <the issue>,
■ MP2 how <organization> hopes

to help, and finally
■ MP3 why their work matters.”

1. Introduction

1. Attention Getter: The attention getter is where ATTENTION will
occur. This is where you will introduce the narrative selected
during Q#3, question #3.

1. Stop the narrative directly after the climax but before
the resolution.

2. Thesis: The thesis will follow the Actor, Action, Issue format just
like the debate proposition. (Who will do What, and for Whom or
Why.)

3. Preview: Present a preview of the main points.
1. MP1: NEED – you won’t say the word “need” but you

will give a two or three word phrase that captures the
essence of the NEED.

2. MP2: SATISFACTION – you won’t say the word but
you will give a two or three word phrase that captures
the essence of the SATISFACTION.

3. MP3: VISUALIZATION: again, you won’t say the word
but you will give a two or three word phrase that
captures the essence of the VISUALIZATION.

2. MP1: NEED by the end of this main point, the audience should understand
the social issue, the organizations history as relevant to the issue, but stop
before discussing their work.

1. Transition between MP1 and MP2
3. MP2: SATISFACTION: This where you will share what the organization

does and what you are doing to help the organization.
1. Transition between MP2 and MP3

4. MP3: VISUALIZATION: Similar to the stock issues of Harms and
Advantages used during the Parliamentary Debate, you will share what
will occur without the work of the organization (harms) and/or what will
occur because of the organization’s efforts (advantages). This could be an
excellent place to share the end of the narrative began as part of the
attention getter.

5. Conclusion:
1. Review the MPs.
2. Restate the thesis.
3. Return to Attention and Call to ACTION: Remind the audience

of the attention getter and call them to ACTION.
● You should have as much as possible completed before class time on

Thursday, in order to receive the best feedback during the engagement.

outline

Brynlee Condie
E #8- OUTLINE

Introduction:
Ebony, a African American woman, went on vacation at 26 weeks pregnant, and for those

of you who don’t know, that is about halfway through a full term pregnancy. She went to the
doctor just before leaving, and was given the all clear, despite experiencing swollen feet, and not
getting a blood test like normal. While on vacation, she became very sick, so she came home
early and went to the hospital immediately. Hospital staff initially brushed off her complaints and
told her she was having normal pregnancy symptoms. After taking more vitals, they found out
she was having preeclampsia, which is high blood pressure, and HELLP syndrome, which is a
serious complication of high blood pressure that causes a breakdown of red blood cells, elevated
liver enzymes, and a low platelet count. Ebony went into liver failure, and her daughter Reign
was delivered at 26 weeks, weighing only 1 pound and 15 ounces. Ebony’s story is not an
uncommon one. Pregnant, and especially minority women are often not believed when it comes
to getting medical care. The CDC says that “Black women are three times more likely to die
from pregnancy-related cause than White women”.
[can make the story longer, give more detail to why it is important for women to be believed my
medical professionals, risk for child, etc]

You should support the March of Dimes and their effort to “end preventable maternal
health risks and death, end preventable preterm birth and infant death, and end the health equity
gap for all”. Today we will discuss why there is a need to help support moms and babies through
pregnancy and delivery, how March of Dimes works to prevent maternal and child health risks
and death, and why their work matters.

MP1:
March of Dimes was created as the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP),

and was founded by Franklin D. Roosevelt. Its main focus was on curing and treating polio in the
US. NFIP established scientific committees that funded research on polio throughout the war and
into the 1950s. It was volunteer-run and had the slogan “Join the March of Dimes”. After the
polio vaccine was created, NFIP worked to test and distribute the polio vaccine.

The foundation then shifted its focus onto the prevention of birth defects. The March of
Dimes funded genetic research and established treatments across the US. Another shift in focus
was towards a healthy pregnancy for both mother and child. March of Dimes focused on the
medical and social effects on the health of mothers. Today, a lot of the focus from March of
Dimes is on making sure all mothers of all backgrounds get appropriate treatment.
[Add more about what March of Dimes is doing TODAY, in terms of all mother’ find new word
for ‘focus’]

MP2:
Today, March of Dimes is doing a #blanketchange campaign that invites participants to

ask state lawmakers for postpartum extension from 60 days to 12 months for Medicaid, new and
improved newborn screening regulations that are uniform with federal law, and access and
coverage of midwifery care and doula services.

March of Dimes’ services include prenatal education and support, NICU resources for
staff and families, education and training for healthcare professionals, funding research, and
working towards advancing equitable health outcomes for mothers and their children.

Here in California, they hosted an in person and virtual March for Change on April 27th.
[Add more about what normal people can do- donate, volunteer, spread the word, etc. what
specific things they have had an impact on-laws, research/breakthroughs]

MP3:
Without the work of March of Dimes, there may not be a cure for polio (or have it as

soon, saved lives of people affected by polio), less known about birth defects, less funding for
treatments for pregnant people, and less advocacy for those that can’t advocate for themselves.
Like Ebony, other mothers, especially women of color, need equity in healthcare. Every child
deserves to be born healthy and every mother deserves a healthcare system that takes them
seriously. March of Dimes seeks to educate, fund, and research for the cause of helping give
every mother and child a fair chance at a healthy life. Advocacy, education, and research of
March of Dimes are aimed at leveling the playing field for mothers and babies.

In 2020 alone, March of Dimes has provided over 5,000 meals and masks, over 2,000
NICU bags with supplies, and has hosted 19 webinars that reach 1.4 million people. They have
also supported more than 50k NICU families, provided mobile health units that provided 2,000
patient visits, and so much more through resources and education provided in person, and online.
March of Dimes continues its research into preterm births and maternal health issues, continues
its professional training in the effect of systemic racism and bias. March of Dimes also advocates
for all mothers. They monitor state legislation, advocate through social media, and invite others
to take action and donate.
[have a transition/impactful thing about how much they do for women/people that get pregnant]

Conclusion:
[why March of Dimes is essential to the end of the systemic racial,socioeconomic issues

in the healthcare system, to ending preterm/low birth weight babies, to giving a voice to those
that can’t speak up, to educating healthcare providers, to impacting legislation to improve mother
and baby outcomes]

You should support March of Dimes by donating, volunteering, advocating, or even just
through educating yourself about the challenges mothers and their babies face throughout and
after pregnancy. We should not let the next generation of mothers have to deal with navigating
the healthcare system and having to advocate for appropriate treatment. Mothers should not have

to go through extra hoops to make sure their baby is born safely, that should be the basic
outcome of a pregnancy. Our healthcare system is not perfect, but through the March of Dimes,
we can try our best to correct preventable mistakes from having a negative impact on mothers
and their babies.

[add more stats probably, better ending/call to action/why it is important to support]

Outline

2

Option #1: Border Wall

The Project Option 1 entails a close examination of a very hot political issue. Students who select this project option 1 will gain understanding and comprehension of the border-wall critical infrastructure public policy debate and evaluate the evidence either for or against the construction of a southern border wall for the United States.

Your paper must meet the following requirements:

· Your written paper should be 7 pages in length not counting the title and reference pages, which you must include.

· Use terms, evidence, and concepts from class readings.

· Cite at least two scholarly sources for this assignment. Scholarly resources include: peer-reviewed journal articles, books, the class textbook, or reports/documents from the government (.gov sites). A scholarly source does not include general sources from the internet (.com, .org, .edu, and .net sites are not scholarly). Scholarly resources should be current (no older than five years). If the class textbook is used as a source, then two other scholarly sources must be used.   

Sample Outline:

· Introduction

· Background and History of Border Wall Public Policy in the United States

· Is the Border Wall a Necessary Piece of Critical Infrastructure?

· Evidence, Elaboration, and Argumentation either in Support or Against the Wall Project

· Conclusion

Outline

The Research Outline

The purpose of this assignment is to draft and submit a complete, organized, detailed outline of your research, in APA format, with sources cited and referenced accurately. 

Adhere to the following guidelines for drafting and submitting your outline:

  • Use standard alphanumeric outline format
  • Include your thesis at the top of the page before you start your outline
  • Include APA in-text citations for at least three scholarly sources
  • Include an APA formatted reference page
  • Include a title page
  • Use current APA Style throughout

Outline

2

Option #1: Border Wall

An Outline

As every student knows, it’s best to outline a research paper before beginning to write the paper itself. The outline defines the structure, the content, and the flow of your research paper.

Review the portfolio project options in Module 8 and submit an outline of your final project. Include your thesis statement.

Sample Outline:

· Introduction

· Background and History of Border Wall Public Policy in the United States

· Is the Border Wall a Necessary Piece of Critical Infrastructure?

· Evidence, Elaboration, and Argumentation either in Support or Against the Wall Project

· Conclusion

outline

Archit Datar
Argumentation and Advocacy
Professor Kyle Johnson
12 May 2022

Advocacy Speech Outline
1. Introduction

1. Attention Getter: Malcolm Alexander a Lousiana Man, served 38
years in jail for a crime he did not commit. He was convicted in
1980 for a November 1979 rape, after ineffective counsel and
extremely unreliable eyewitness statements. His lawyer was so
incompetent that he was disbarred later. The Innocence Project
took on his case, and in 2013, they were able to recover hair
stands from the crime scene.

2. Thesis: The Innocence Project is a non-profit organization that
seeks to exonerate wrongly convicted men and women who fell
victim to the depraved, broken, outdated Justice system that has
been left unaccountable.

3. Preview: Present a preview of the main points.
1. MP1 : NEED The Unfair system.
2. MP2: SATISFACTION – Exonerate and reform.
3. MP3: VISUALIZATION: Equal, Fair, and Accountability

2. MP1:NEED Needs to end the unfair, corrupt justice system that seeks to
discriminate against vulnerable populations

3. MP2: SATISFACTION: THey take upon cases that questionable convictions
gather evidence that could exonerate them and their goal is to reform and
create a fair and equal justice system

4. MP3: VISUALIZATION: Without them, hundreds of innocent men and women
would have stayed in prison for the rest of their lives for crimes they did not
commit. It would allow the same system to stay in place because there would
be no concerted effort for reform. This has allowed many prisoners to get
hope in their cases and Malcolm Alexander after 38 years was finally freed in
2018 after the charges were dropped. Their efforts, allow for DAs to have
more integrity in their convictions and reinvestigate potentially flawed
convictions from the past. It will also push for federal and state lawmakers to
pass more equitable and modern laws that better represent our sacred justice
system.

5. Conclusion:
1. The Innocence Project, a highly valued and respected organization

brings attention to eh corruptness of the American justice system
and they do so by freeing innocent people through the process of
exoneration and calling for policy and legislative reform. This
organization will let innocent people know that they have a voice
and won’t be a victim. Stories like Malcolm Alexander serve as a
guide that there is light to the end of the tunnel and we should all
contribute to this extremely valuable cause.

outline

Archit Datar
Argumentation and Advocacy
Professor Kyle Johnson
12 May 2022

Advocacy Speech Outline
1. Introduction

1. Attention Getter: Malcolm Alexander a Lousiana Man, served 38
years in jail for a crime he did not commit. He was convicted in
1980 for a November 1979 rape, after ineffective counsel and
extremely unreliable eyewitness statements. His lawyer was so
incompetent that he was disbarred later. The Innocence Project
took on his case, and in 2013, they were able to recover hair
stands from the crime scene.

2. Thesis: The Innocence Project is a non-profit organization that
seeks to exonerate wrongly convicted men and women who fell
victim to the depraved, broken, outdated Justice system that has
been left unaccountable.

3. Preview: Present a preview of the main points.
1. MP1 : NEED The Unfair system.
2. MP2: SATISFACTION – Exonerate and reform.
3. MP3: VISUALIZATION: Equal, Fair, and Accountability

2. MP1:NEED Needs to end the unfair, corrupt justice system that seeks to
discriminate against vulnerable populations

3. MP2: SATISFACTION: THey take upon cases that questionable convictions
gather evidence that could exonerate them and their goal is to reform and
create a fair and equal justice system

4. MP3: VISUALIZATION: Without them, hundreds of innocent men and women
would have stayed in prison for the rest of their lives for crimes they did not
commit. It would allow the same system to stay in place because there would
be no concerted effort for reform. This has allowed many prisoners to get
hope in their cases and Malcolm Alexander after 38 years was finally freed in
2018 after the charges were dropped. Their efforts, allow for DAs to have
more integrity in their convictions and reinvestigate potentially flawed
convictions from the past. It will also push for federal and state lawmakers to
pass more equitable and modern laws that better represent our sacred justice
system.

5. Conclusion:
1. The Innocence Project, a highly valued and respected organization

brings attention to eh corruptness of the American justice system
and they do so by freeing innocent people through the process of
exoneration and calling for policy and legislative reform. This
organization will let innocent people know that they have a voice
and won’t be a victim. Stories like Malcolm Alexander serve as a
guide that there is light to the end of the tunnel and we should all
contribute to this extremely valuable cause.