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Structure of an Argumentative Essay

I. Introduction

A. Hook

B. Background

C. Explain Terms

D. Thesis Statement (one point per body paragraph)

II. Body Paragraph #1

A. Paragraph Topic Sentence

B. Illustration

C. Explanation

D. Paragraph Conclusion/Connection to Thesis/Transition

III. Body Paragraph #2

A. Paragraph Topic Sentence

B. Illustration

C. Explanation

D. Paragraph Conclusion/Connection to Thesis/Transition

IV. Body Paragraph #3

A. Paragraph Topic Sentence

B. Illustration

C. Explanation

D. Paragraph Conclusion/Connection to Thesis/Transition

V. Counterargument

A. Address Opposition

B. Provide Rebuttal

VI. Conclusion

A. Restate Main Claim

B. Show Significance of Topic

C. Call to Action

Global Right

Argumentative Essay

Dr. Avantika Rohatgi

What is an Argument?

  • Process of reasoning by which an idea is shown to be true
  • Form of writing that seeks to influence thoughts and actions via:
  • Logical reasoning
  • Examples
  • Research

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Prewriting

  • Form an arguable claim or thesis
  • Gather evidence to support claim with:
  • Facts
  • Statistics
  • Experiences
  • Evidence

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Prewriting (continued)

  • Consider the attitudes, assumptions, and opinions of readers
  • Avoid
  • Stereotypes
  • Faulty sampling
  • Sweeping generalizations
  • Faulty reasoning

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Organizing the Essay

  • Title
  • Introduction
  • Thesis statement
  • Body paragraphs
  • Constructing Topic Sentences
  • Building Main Points
  • Transitions
  • Countering the Opposition
  • Conclusion

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Introduction

  • “Hook” or “grabber”
  • striking image
  • personal anecdote
  • question
  • quotation
  • shocking statistics
  • example-real or hypothetical
  • exaggeration or outrageous statement

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Thesis Statement

  • Introduces the topic
  • States position on topic
  • Provides roadmap for body paragraphs

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Thesis statement

Globalization is a positive force because it creates more jobs for foreign workers, opens trade, and makes goods more affordable.

Subject

Opinion

Evidence

Reason 1

Reason 2

Reason 3

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Aristotle’s Elements of Effective
Rhetoric

  • Logos
  • Using facts, logic, evidence, statistics, analogies, and credible authorities to convince the reader
  • Ethos
  • Appealing to credibility of reader through fairness, character, and intent
  • Pathos
  • Appealing emotionally through experience, images, and language in a responsible and legitimate manner

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Body Paragraphs

  • PIE
  • Point
  • Illustration
  • Explanation
  • Address counterarguments
  • Use research to prove claims / disprove opposition
  • Unity—each paragraph, sentence, and idea must relate clearly to the thesis topic
  • Coherence—paragraphs, sentences, and ideas connect to each other in logical pattern

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Conclusion

  • Closure
  • Repeat key ideas in thesis
  • Call to action
  • Speculate future on topic

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References

  • Purdue OWL
  • http://www.federle.org/argument.ppt
  • Writing Effective Arguments
  • dsc.dixie.edu/owl/writing…/Writing%20Effective%20Arguments.pdf

Global Right

Structure of an Argumentative Essay

I. Introduction

A. Hook

B. Background

C. Explain Terms

D. Thesis Statement (one point per body paragraph)

II. Body Paragraph #1

A. Paragraph Topic Sentence

B. Illustration

C. Explanation

D. Paragraph Conclusion/Connection to Thesis/Transition

III. Body Paragraph #2

A. Paragraph Topic Sentence

B. Illustration

C. Explanation

D. Paragraph Conclusion/Connection to Thesis/Transition

IV. Body Paragraph #3

A. Paragraph Topic Sentence

B. Illustration

C. Explanation

D. Paragraph Conclusion/Connection to Thesis/Transition

V. Counterargument

A. Address Opposition

B. Provide Rebuttal

VI. Conclusion

A. Restate Main Claim

B. Show Significance of Topic

C. Call to Action